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The Movie

In few words…

Technical Information:
Synopsis

In February 2014, at the heart of a chic neighbourhood in Rabat, police forces forcefully destroyed the homes of Douar Ouled Dlim‘s inhabitants. Refusing to leave their land, the inhabitants have lived since in makeshift camps made of plastic tarp. In the last 2 years, they held several demonstrations and protests and filed multiple administrative appeals, attempting to claim their right to be relocated.
Abandoned and left to themselves, Douar Ouled Dlim’s residents refuse to leave their lands. “We will give nothing away”, they repeated one after the other. From demonstrations to occupations, the people of Douar Ouled Dlim continue fighting, in spite of the international silence and indifference, in order to ensure the survival of the memory of the great Guich Loudaya tribe. Ultimately, they all wonder “wach hna maghrba – are we still citizens?”.

Le Film

En quelques mots…

Fiche Technique 
  • Genre Documentaire
  • Sous-genre Social/Environnement
  • Durée 60′
  • Année de production 2016
  • Réalisation Soraya El Kahlaoui
  • Production Intissar Jbiha
  • Montage  Laurent Czaczkes Fontaine et Sabrina Hakim
  • Photographe Rodrigo Avellaneda
  • Illustrations  Sadri Khiari
Synopsis

En plein mois de février 2014, les forces de l’ordre ont procédé à la destruction forcée des logements des habitants de Douar Ouled Dlim situés en plein d’un coeur d’un quartier huppé de Rabat. Refusant de quitter leur terre, les habitants ont vécu dans des campements de fortunes, faits de bâches en plastiques et maintenus par quelques morceaux de bois amassés ici ou là. Multipliant rassemblement et recours administratifs, pendant 10 mois ils ont tenté de faire advenir leur droit à un relogement. Laissés à l’abandon, les habitants expulsés du douar ouled dlim refusent de quitter leurs terres. « Nous ne lâcherons rien » répètent-ils tous à tour de rôle. De manifestations, en occupations, les habitants du Douar Ouled Dlim ne cessent de maintenir la lutte pour faire survivre, malgré le silence, la mémoire de la grande tribu que fut Guich Loudaya, car au fond tous se demandent « Sommes nous encore des citoyens ? ».

The Crew

We Thank all our partners

Director |  Soraya El Kahlaoui

Bio | Currently a doctoral student in sociology at l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales’ in Paris. Click for more...

BIO

Currently a doctoral student in sociology at l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales’ in Paris.

her doctoral research aims to analyze the forms of appropriation of public space within the framework of the democratization process that has emerged in Morocco since 2011.

Profil

Executive Producer |  Intissar Jbiha

Bio | After obtaining her Master’s Degree in Cinematography at Sorbonne in Paris, Intissar Jbiha has held different positions in various sectors such as... Click for more...

BIO

After obtaining her Master’s Degree in Cinematography at Sorbonne in Paris, Intissar Jbiha has held different positions in various sectors such as: Television, cinema and radio. She has joined the documentary director in the project: Landless Moroccans, as executive producer and artistic director.

Profil

Photographer |  Rodrigo Avellaneda

Bio | Rodrigo is mainly interested in social and political issues. From Parisian demonstrations to Egyptian revolutions, to an isolated school in the mountains near Antigua in Guatemala, the matter is to meet people closely so as to tell their stories better. Lire la suite...

BIO

Rodrigo is mainly interested in social and political issues. From Parisian demonstrations to Egyptian revolutions, to an isolated school in the mountains near Antigua in Guatemala, the matter is to meet people closely so as to tell their stories better.

Profil

Illustrator |  Sadri Khiari

Bio | Political scientist and essayist, he is the author of several books published in France, (Tunisia, the disintegration of the city) , (Coercion, Consent, Resistance) , (Paris, Karthala, 2003), as well as numerous articles published in specialized journals.

BIO

Political scientist and essayist, he is the author of several books published in France, “Tunisia, the disintegration of the city.” “Coercion, Consent, Resistance”, “Paris, Karthala, 2003”, as well as numerous articles published in specialized journals.

Profil

Editor |  Laurent Czaczkes Fontaine

Bio | After obtaining a degree in Physics (University Paris 6), L.F. Czaczkes turned to the Arts & Cinema. He graduated with honors, completing a master’s degree in Scriptwriting and Film-direction at Pantheon - La Sorbonne University in 2011. Lire la suite...

BIO

After obtaining a degree in Physics (University Paris 6), L.F. Czaczkes turned to the Arts & Cinema, He graduated with honors, completing a master’s degree in Scriptwriting and Film-direction at Pantheon – La Sorbonne University in 2011.

During this time, he wrote, directed and produced his first movie, “First Was The Actress”, starring Claire Maurier, Solène Bouton and Yvon Martin, mixing documentary and fiction to honor the natural magnificence of actresses’ expression.

Since 2015, he also works as an operator, DOP and editor for many short films, video clips and documentaries shot in different countries (among them, “The Rimay Experience”, directed by Oleksandra Yaromova, shot in India and France ; “Landless Moroccan”, directed by Soraya El Kahlaoui, edited in Berlin and Marrakech)

Profil

Editor |  Sabrina Hakim

Bio | Graduated from l’Ecole Supérieure de Journalisme of Paris in 2010, and now she is a photo reporter, working in collaboration with Moroccan and international Media.

BIO

Graduated from l’Ecole Supérieure de Journalisme of Paris in 2010, and now she is a photo reporter, working in collaboration with Moroccan and international Media.

Profil
Director’s Note of intent…

This documentary is built around an encounter: When I first met the people of Douar Ouled dlim expelled from their land. With an immersed camera in the heart of life stories, this documentary tells the human stories in their simplicity.

Most of my first images are inhabitants’ testimonies, gradually and according to my own appropriation of the subject, my gaze sharpened on details of life. Daily scenes where we perceive the inhabitants, in spite of their destitution, recreating of the life in the middle of the rubble. Because of the long time crossed with them, the camera knew how to get the elements which make their life: a lemon tree, some plants, pets, a family photo, gestures, looks or smiles.

The aesthetics of the documentary is worked by means of a musical choice appropriate to the popular Moroccan heritage which gives a particular coloring to the editing. Furthermore, drawings made by the artist, Sadri Khiari, bring a certain poetic delicacy to the story, by staging characters, sublimated in their dignity.

Thus, this documentary aims to be also requiring, both in its contents and in its search for aesthetic work. In the midst of the destitution, the human beauty cannot be sublimated without artistic delicacy.

Soraya El Kahlaoui

Production’s Note of intent…

Joining completely in line with the direct cinema, “the landless Moroccans” is a committed documentary which redraws 2 years of follow-up of expelled inhabitants.

Without a concession, the spectator is plunged into images torn away in the urgency. A chaos caught on camera which does not look either for the good frame, or for the good direction, but only to give to see a reality. At the heart of a closeness created by the image, the spectator is plunged, in direct access, into an invisible and marginalized reality.

Due to its entrance of the full foot to the truth cinema, “Landless Moroccans” is a unique Moroccan documentary. Its independent mode of production allowed to confer it a freedom of artistic creation and an autonomy of tone. A production which demonstrates us the necessity today of drawing a way in the independent movies in Morocco.

Intissar Jbiha

The case « Guich »

Small peasantry and urban agriculture:
To what is the name land grabbing attributed?

Since 2004, Morocco has embarked on a policy of privatizing its land tenure. In this context, the collective lands, now estimated at about 12 million hectares, are the first to be targeted by these liberalization policies. Land grabbing by private land developers, within the framework of large projects development, destabilizes the equilibrium of rural populations, often vulnerable, and whose only resources come directly from the exploitation of the land.

Modernizing a market at the expense of indigenous tribes, is the main criticism made by Mohammed Mahdi, a professor at the University of Meknes. As far as this anthropologist is concerned, a specialist in the ways of life of the semi-nomadic tribes, “many lands of the Middle Atlas Amazigh tribes have been monopolized by the State in favor of major projects. By destroying the ecosystem of these semi-nomadic tribes that lived off their livestock, the State has contributed to depriving them of their economic autonomy. “

The case of the Middle Atlas is unfortunately only one example among many others. Land grabbing and the privatization of collective lands is an issue that affects all Morocco. Considered a land reserve with a high economic value due to the vulnerability of their land status, these lands, regardless of their high agricultural value, are delivered to meet the needs of the market economy.

as a consequence of the entry of the economy into the capitalist era, the privatization of collective lands is a scourge that affects all the countries undergoing modernization. Therefore, either in Latin America or Sub-Saharan Africa or in the Maghreb, the preservation of collective lands embodies a major challenge for the indigenous movements, as well as for all ecological movements, because collective lands represent a vital and concrete alternative for the capitalist development model. They even portray the example of the capacity of humans to opt for a community-based resources management. The system of collective land management can thus constitute a resilient development model. However, in Morocco, as elsewhere, collective lands are vulnerable. Ways of life and ways of collective tribe management are destroyed in favor of a standardization imposed by a liberal model that we know today as destructive for both man and the planet.

I can cite the case of the lands of the Gharb in Morocco, which happen to be a disastrous example of the outcomes of collective lands privatization in favor of agro-business. Destruction of soils, intensive agriculture destined for exportation, destruction of communities, impoverishment of populations, all the said are the consequences of those development policies. I can continue to list numerous examples, because they are unfortunately infinite, however, it is the case of the lands of Guish Loudaya, at the heart of the capital of Rabat, that I decided to tackle.

Grabbing the lands of the tribe Guish Loudaya raises, in my opinion, numerous issues and sheds light on the domino effect generated by the model of concrete based urbanization. As a matter of fact, the privatization of these lands, because they are situated at the center of the capital of Morocco, puts into question not only the consequences of the destruction of small peasantry, but it also comes to put the finger on the repressive character of the standards of urban modernization established on an ultimate civilizational objective.

Telling the story of the destruction of the lands of Guish Loudaya tribe also allows exposing -at the heart of the same story- all the issues currently debated over in other militant ecological spheres

Urban agriculture
Food security
Urban model
Community management
Predominance of liberal economy
Autonomy of indigenous populations
Preservation of the cultural heritage
Standardization of lifestyles
Homogenization of development models
Telling this story in images is also a way to highlight in a more universal language a reality that many countries share in common and for which a debate is required at the international arena.

… News …

Press conference to demand their right for rehousing.

The inhabitants of Douar Ouled Dlim organised a press conference this Thursday 17 May 2018 to demand their right for rehousing. The conference aimed at shedding the light on the current situation of 126 families from Douar Ouled Dlim whose land was expropriated by a private real estate company but were [...]

26 May 2018|Categories: News|0 Comments

Moroccans Without Land returns to Morocco for the final straight

The documentary Moroccan Sans Terre enters its post-production phase, its national release is set in March 2017 ... Be There ...

09 Mar 2017|Categories: News|0 Comments
is an organization founded as a creative and research laboratory, working on strengthening capacities of poor and marginalized population.
Our missions:

Awareness of environmental issues

Enable marginalized groups to have a visible culture

Encourage independent cultural production

Our projects :

The production of the documentary “Landless Moroccans”

Production of a video illustrating the report

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 sorayaelkahlaoui@gmail.com

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